GASPAR CASSADÓ:
HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH PABLO CASALS
AND HIS VERSATILE MUSICAL LIFE

by Nathaniel J. Chaitkin

Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the
University of Maryland, College Park in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Musical Arts
2001

Advisory Committee:

Professor Evelyn Elsing, Chair/Advisor
Professor Gerald Fischbach
Professor Richard King
Professor David Salness
Professor Peter Beicken, Dean's Representative

Gaspar Cassadó (1897-1966) achieved great success as bothcellist and composer. He was the leading student of fellow Catalonian PabloCasals, and studied composition with Maurice Ravel and Manuel de Falla. Many of his original works and transcriptions for cello are still playedtoday. This dissertation examines Cassado's distinguished career as performer,composer, arranger and inventor. The first chapter of the paper outlinesCassado' s life and career, focusing in particular on his relationship withhis mentor Casals. Cassadó enjoyed a thriving career in the 1920s and 1930s,but his reputation suffered enormously after World War II, when many musicians,led by Casals, accused Cassadó of having collaborated with the fascist governmentof Italy, where he had lived during the conflict. However, there is littleor no evidence that Cassadó was a collaborator, and some to suggest the contrary.Special attention will be given to Casals' questionable attack on Cassadóand the devastating impact that it had on their friendship, as well as onCassado's career. Cassadó composed and arranged a great deal of music forcello, as well as writing orchestral and chamber works. This dissertationincludes the first definitive list of Cassado's compositions, as well asa discussion of their remarkable diversity. Like the great violinist FritzKreisler, Cassadó sometimes attributed his own music to other composers,and this practice is addressed as well.

Gaspar Cassadó was one of the last great composer-performers, and hisdual life was clearly represented in the concerts he gave. An appendix tothe paper contains several of Cassado's recital programs, and their significanceis briefly discussed. The combination of the standard cello repertoire withhis own compositions and arrangements made for very personal programs; theseconcerts were not merely a good combination of pieces, but were a representationof Cassadó himself. His versatility stands out all the more from the perspectiveof today's highly specialized musical world.

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Chapter 1: Cassadó and Casals

Chapter 2: Cassadó's Versatility

Conclusion

Appendix A: List of Works

Appendix B: Recital Programs given by Cassadó

Appendix C: Dissertation Recital Programs

Bibliography

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